Discourse irrealis? Communication situation? Semantics? Actor focus? Cohesion? Thematic prominence?
“What do these words mean to you?” writes Michael Hutteman. “Anything?”
“Every day you are using these tools to talk,” he continues. “You are evaluating speech to find the meaning within and you are carefully speaking in a way that you will be understood. You can organise, categorise, rearrange and dissect your own language. You are a natural linguist!”
But, Michael explains, being a “natural linguist” and pursuing the study of linguistics are quite different things.
Michael is attending an Advanced Language Workshop. He is “struggling to absorb and apply truckloads of linguistic theory.” With ten other language learners, he is discovering how to find and analyse patterns of the Lauje language.
He explains that as linguistics students they are learning to ask themselves important questions. How do the Lauje speakers begin and end a story? Where do they put the plot line? What is the verbal spice that makes Lauje stories powerful?
For Bible translators and for those who present the gospel to people who have never clearly heard the Good News about Jesus, studying a language intently is fundamentally important. But, in addition to learning